M Visvesvaraya, the country’s most celebrated engineer, was born on September 15, 1861, in Muddenahalli in Mysuru. The Bharat Ratna awardee went on to become India’s most prolific civil engineer, dam builder and economist. Visvesvaraya was the chief engineer in-charge of the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mysuru as well as the chief designer of the flood protection system of Hyderabad. He has been instrumental in designing and patenting the automatic weir floodgates; these were first installed at the Khadakwasla reservoir in Pune, in 1903. Visvesvaraya is renowned for his splendid work in Mysuru and is believed to have transformed the state into a ‘model state’ for India.
Visvesvaraya was recognised by the Government of India, especially for the flood protection system in Hyderabad, and he was awarded the Bharta Ratna in 1955. Besides, he was also awarded the British Knighthood by Kind George-V.
His birthday (September 15) is celebrated as the Engineers Day in India, every year since 1968, in recognition to the contribution of engineers in of nation’s development.