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21 cities, 1,415 km of metro-rail worth Rs 4.09 trillion approved

April 2019
They say a true growth story is best reflected in numbers. Consider this: India’s metro-rail story started at 8 km in 2002. Today, the country has achieved close to 600 km. And going forward, roughly another 600 km of sanctioned metro lines are under construction with 1,000-1,500 km of metro-line proposals under planning.

Indeed, India’s metro rail network has grown rapidly to figure among the top 10 largest metro networks in the world. 
At present, Delhi Metro is the eighth largest metro train network in the world. Recently, the Delhi Government cleared the 103.93-km, six-corridor Delhi Metro Phase IV; once this is completed, Delhi Metro is expected to become the third largest metro network in the world. With a total length of about 453.58 km, it will overtake New York (380.2 km), Nanjing in China (378 km), Seoul (340.4 km), Moscow (381 km), Guangzhou (391.8 km) and London (402 km). Shanghai and Beijing are first and second, with a total length of 644 km and 599.44 km, respectively. 

The revolution
Evidently, India is going through a metro revolution today. With 600 route km being used by over 5 million commuters today, over 15 cities in India are under various stages of adding an additional 1,500 route km in the near future.

That said, not all projects have been able to achieve timely completion within estimated costs. “The financial rate of return will be low (from +3 to negative) but the economic rate of return will be anything from 15 to 20 per cent,” says Dr E Sreedharan, Principal Advisor, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC). “This means the metro is not an attractive area for an investor but it is a social need in which the government should invest.” 

For his part, Mohammad Athar, Partner, PricewaterhouseCoopers, says, “Like most major urban transit developments, the presence of a metro corridor has induced transformations in land use in connected areas. Commercial establishments and office areas place a high premium on better connectivity and have thus benefited from the presence of the metro. Metro-rail systems are also increasingly viewed as a more environment-friendly mode of transport and have led to improvement in air quality.”

In India, metro rail has emerged as a preferential transport alternative in Tier-I cities faced with growing population, high traffic and increased pollution, according to Ashwini Bhide, Managing Director, Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation. “With the remarkable success of Delhi Metro, many states including Karnataka, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Kerala have rapidly implemented metro-rail projects,” she says. 

And Anuj Dayal, Executive Director, Corporate Communications, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, points out, “Metro rail is non-polluting and carries a large number of people without restricting or occupying road space. Therefore, it is a potent answer to the congested roads of our urban centres.”

SHRIYAL SETHUMADHAVAN

City-wise distribution of approved metro projects

Project

Length - km

Approved Cost - Rs billion

Delhi*

411

1,100.25

Noida

29

55.03

Gurugram

11

36.35

Mumbai

197

820.78

Navi Mumbai

11

30.64

Kolkata

135

213.90

Bengaluru

114

402.50

Hyderabad

72

141.32

Chennai

54

183.70

Pune

54

175.44

Nagpur

38

86.80

Ahmedabad

36

107.73

Indore

32

75.01

Patna

31

133.66

Bhopal

28

69.41

Kochi

26

51.82

Lucknow

23

69.28

Jaipur

12

31.49

Surat*

40

120.20

Agra*

29

83.80

Kanpur*

32

110.76

 - Source: Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA)
*Delhi Metro Phase 4, Agra, Kanpur, and Surat Metro were approved recently (Feb/March-2019)

Metro-rail projects in DPR/approval stage

City

Estimated Cost- Rs billion

Delhi Metro Phase 4 and Extension

644.63

Uttar Pradesh (Varanasi, Meerut, Agra, Kanpur)

631.32

Guwahati

180.20

Andhra Pradesh (Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada)

165.59

Chandigarh

139.09

Mumbai – Line 2A, Line 7

118.02

Kerala (Thiruvananthapuram, Calicut, Kochi)

89.68

Others

24

Source: ICRA research, MoUD, metro websites



Status of operational / under implementation Metro Rail Projects in India

City

Length – km

Approved Cost-

Rs. crore

Status

Delhi / NCR

379

90580

Major part is Operational

Mumbai

208

85142

Partly Operational

Kolkata

135

21390

Operational

Bengaluru

114

40250

Phase 1 Operational

Hyderabad

72

14132

Partly Operational

Chennai

54

18370

Partly Operational

Pune

54

17544

Under implementation

Surat

40

12020

Recently approved

Nagpur

38

8680

Under implementation

Ahmedabad

36

10773

Under implementation

Indore

32

7501

Recently approved

Kanpur

32

11076

Recently approved

Patna

31

13366

Recently approved

Agra

29

8380

Recently approved

Bhopal

28

6941

Recently approved

Kochi

26

5182

Partly Operational

Lucknow

23

6928

Partly Operational

Jaipur

12

3149

Partly Operational

Gurgaon

11

3635

Operational

Total

1354

385039


Source: ICRA research, MoUD, Metro websites