Laser-enabled aerial LiDAR for Delhi-Varanasi hi-speed corridor
National High Speed Rail Corporation Limited (NHSRCL) will be adopting Light Detection and Ranging Survey (LiDAR) technique using laser enabled equipment mounted on a helicopter for conducting ground survey for the preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the proposed Delhi-Varanasi HSR corridor (DVHSR).
Keeping in mind the magnitude of the project and adhering to the timelines to submit the DPR of DVHSR corridor, the ground survey using aerial LiDAR technique has already started. Reference points on the ground have already been marked and data collection through equipment mounted on a helicopter will commence from December 13 (depending on the weather conditions) in a phased manner. The requisite permissions from the Ministry of Defence for flying the helicopter have been received and the inspection of the aircraft and equipment are underway.
The aerial LiDAR survey technique is expected to save time exponentially. The first instance of the aerial technique for a railway project in India was adopted for the Mumbai- Ahmedabad High Speed Rail Corridor, chosen primarily because of its high accuracy. The ground survey using aerial LiDAR for MAHSR alignment was done only in 12 weeks against the 10-12 months if had been done through traditional survey methods.
The proposed Delhi-Varanasi HSR alignment covers mixed terrains including densely populated urban and rural areas, highways, roads, ghats, rivers, green fields etc. which makes this activity more challenging. The tentative length of the corridor is about 800 km. The alignment and stations will be decided in consultation with the government.
The alignment or ground survey is a crucial activity for any linear infrastructure project as the survey provides accurate details of areas around the alignment. This technique uses a combination of laser data, GPS data, flight parameters and actual photographs to give accurate survey data. Based on the findings of the survey, designing of the vertical and horizontal alignment, structures, location of the stations and depots, land requirement for the corridor, identification of project affected plots or structures, right-of-way, and so on, are decided.
NHSRCL has been entrusted by the Ministry of Railways with preparing the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the Delhi-Varanasi high-speed corridor.
Source: Press Information Bureau (Government of India)
Image credit: Base Camp Aviation