Forecasted GDP rate for FY22 drops to 9.2%: Care Ratings
ECONOMY & POLICY

Forecasted GDP rate for FY22 drops to 9.2%: Care Ratings

Care Ratings’ report on April 21 projects India’s GDP growth to be 10.2% for FY22 on the assumption that the lockdowns would be rolled back in June. This was premised on the daily infection caseload declining in the month of May. However, while there have been some swings in the last few days, the daily cases have not gone below the 350,000 mark. The seven- days moving average is still at around 390,000 as of May 10. The concern now is that the infections are spreading to the interiors too in most states which also means that agriculture, which was isolated from the first wave, can be affected this time though there is not a perceptible impact presently.

The spread of infection has also affected workers in various businesses in this round, which is directly affecting companies. Supply chains are being affected this time due to workers getting infected unlike the first wave in 2020 when there were restrictions on the movement of goods. Therefore, there is a double whammy due to the second wave of a lockdown as well as personal health of workers.

According to the recent Care Ratings report, it is assumed that the loss in June and part of July will be comparable to the previous months due to the spread of the virus in the interiors. Also based on the progress of the vaccination programme, it does appear that there will be significant delays in meeting targets and the nation will still be in the first gear mode in June with movement to the second starting earliest in July. Hence Q1 of this year will be stressed out to a large extent with July showing mixed signs, states the Care Ratings report.

There are 3.7 million active cases which can be affecting broadly over 10 million families. There have been cumulative discharges of around 19 million people which will affect at least 60-70 million families. This can potentially also affect the purchasing power of families and hence unlike last year when the pent-up demand theory worked to a certain extent, this time it will be dormant. These people would have spent considerable amounts of money on medical treatment and unless in the top echelons of income would not be in a position to spend more this time after the infection incidence abates. The sheer numbers this time will delay the demand revival process this year.

Under these assumptions, GDP growth for FY22 will be 9.2% with a downward bias as against 10.2% projected in April.

Movement in our forecasts for GDP growth (%)

Date of forecast 

GDP growth 

2020-21 (Actual) 

-8.0

2021-22: 24 March'21 

11-11.2

2021-22: 5 April'21 

10.7

2021-22: 21 April'21 

10.2

2021-22: 12 May’ 21 

9.2

       Source: CARE Ratings

GDP in FY21 was Rs 134.08 lakh crore that was to increase to Rs 148.83-Rs 149.10 lakh crore as per the March forecast. The GDP level in real terms will be Rs 146.42 lakh crore based on 9.2% growth. The lower growth in GDP compared to the initial estimate of 11.2% would mean a loss of Rs 2.68 lakh crore in real terms or Rs 3.89 lakh crore in nominal terms. In real terms the growth would be:

Agriculture 3.3-3.5%,

Industry 9.5-10% and

Services 9-9.5%.

This in turn will also have fiscal implications.

The Budget had targeted a nominal GDP of Rs 222.87 lakh crore. The fiscal deficit was estimated at Rs 15.07 lakh crore accordingly. With real GDP growth falling by Rs 2.68 lakh crore, nominal GDP would now be reduced to Rs 218.98 lakh crore with a loss of nearly Rs 3.9 lakh crore of income.

Further, with GDP growth slowing down by 2% points, the overall tax revenue to the centre will come down from Rs 15.45 lakh crore to Rs 15.11 lakh crore, which is a shortfall of Rs 34,000 crore. Last month, the government has already announced an outlay of Rs 25,000 crore on account of the free food programme for 800 million people (which would be at Rs.5 kg/month). This additional cost combined with the potential decline in tax revenue will mean an increase in deficit by Rs 59,000 crore. The revised fiscal deficit under ceteris paribus conditions would be Rs 15.66 lakh crore or 7.15% of GDP. This is assuming that the government spends the additional Rs 25,000 cr outside the budget and does not channel the same from an existing allocation.

It should also be pointed out that any adverse effect on agriculture due to the spread of infection would also necessitate higher MNREGA spending and every additional Rs 10,000 crore spent on this programme can push the GDP up by 0.04%.

Image Source

Care Ratings’ report on April 21 projects India’s GDP growth to be 10.2% for FY22 on the assumption that the lockdowns would be rolled back in June. This was premised on the daily infection caseload declining in the month of May. However, while there have been some swings in the last few days, the daily cases have not gone below the 350,000 mark. The seven- days moving average is still at around 390,000 as of May 10. The concern now is that the infections are spreading to the interiors too in most states which also means that agriculture, which was isolated from the first wave, can be affected this time though there is not a perceptible impact presently. The spread of infection has also affected workers in various businesses in this round, which is directly affecting companies. Supply chains are being affected this time due to workers getting infected unlike the first wave in 2020 when there were restrictions on the movement of goods. Therefore, there is a double whammy due to the second wave of a lockdown as well as personal health of workers. According to the recent Care Ratings report, it is assumed that the loss in June and part of July will be comparable to the previous months due to the spread of the virus in the interiors. Also based on the progress of the vaccination programme, it does appear that there will be significant delays in meeting targets and the nation will still be in the first gear mode in June with movement to the second starting earliest in July. Hence Q1 of this year will be stressed out to a large extent with July showing mixed signs, states the Care Ratings report. There are 3.7 million active cases which can be affecting broadly over 10 million families. There have been cumulative discharges of around 19 million people which will affect at least 60-70 million families. This can potentially also affect the purchasing power of families and hence unlike last year when the pent-up demand theory worked to a certain extent, this time it will be dormant. These people would have spent considerable amounts of money on medical treatment and unless in the top echelons of income would not be in a position to spend more this time after the infection incidence abates. The sheer numbers this time will delay the demand revival process this year. Under these assumptions, GDP growth for FY22 will be 9.2% with a downward bias as against 10.2% projected in April. Movement in our forecasts for GDP growth (%) Date of forecast GDP growth 2020-21 (Actual) -8.02021-22: 24 March'21 11-11.22021-22: 5 April'21 10.72021-22: 21 April'21 10.22021-22: 12 May’ 21 9.2       Source: CARE Ratings GDP in FY21 was Rs 134.08 lakh crore that was to increase to Rs 148.83-Rs 149.10 lakh crore as per the March forecast. The GDP level in real terms will be Rs 146.42 lakh crore based on 9.2% growth. The lower growth in GDP compared to the initial estimate of 11.2% would mean a loss of Rs 2.68 lakh crore in real terms or Rs 3.89 lakh crore in nominal terms. In real terms the growth would be: Agriculture 3.3-3.5%, Industry 9.5-10% and Services 9-9.5%. This in turn will also have fiscal implications. The Budget had targeted a nominal GDP of Rs 222.87 lakh crore. The fiscal deficit was estimated at Rs 15.07 lakh crore accordingly. With real GDP growth falling by Rs 2.68 lakh crore, nominal GDP would now be reduced to Rs 218.98 lakh crore with a loss of nearly Rs 3.9 lakh crore of income. Further, with GDP growth slowing down by 2% points, the overall tax revenue to the centre will come down from Rs 15.45 lakh crore to Rs 15.11 lakh crore, which is a shortfall of Rs 34,000 crore. Last month, the government has already announced an outlay of Rs 25,000 crore on account of the free food programme for 800 million people (which would be at Rs.5 kg/month). This additional cost combined with the potential decline in tax revenue will mean an increase in deficit by Rs 59,000 crore. The revised fiscal deficit under ceteris paribus conditions would be Rs 15.66 lakh crore or 7.15% of GDP. This is assuming that the government spends the additional Rs 25,000 cr outside the budget and does not channel the same from an existing allocation. It should also be pointed out that any adverse effect on agriculture due to the spread of infection would also necessitate higher MNREGA spending and every additional Rs 10,000 crore spent on this programme can push the GDP up by 0.04%. Image Source

Related Stories

Gold Stories

Hi There!

Now get regular updates from CW Magazine on WhatsApp!

Click on link below, message us with a simple hi, and SAVE our number

You will have subscribed to our Construction News on Whatsapp! Enjoy

+91 86574 75330

Reach out to us

Call us at +91 8108603000 or

Schedule a Call Back