Why is India’s Infrastructure Trailing?
Over years, the list of profit-making construction companies has been shrinking. September 2020
Apart from providing employment to millions this infrastructure activity connects and accelerates economic momentum between large hubs of economic activity and the centres that lie in between. However, the pace of road construction and awards has fallen drastically during 2019-20. Construction of highways slowed to 27 km a day during April-January in the current fiscal, from 29.7 km a day achieved in all of 2018-19.
Construction World conducted another successful webinar on ‘Roads to Recovery’, powered by SANY , which witnessed great success with over 800 attendees tuning in to hear what our esteemed panellists have to say on India’s way forward in the roads sector.
The webinar began with presenter Pratap Padode, Editor-in-Chief, Construction World and President, FIRST Construction Council, welcoming the guest panellists to the session. The panellists included industry stalwarts – Deepak Garg, Managing Director Sany South Asia & India, and Vice President, Sany Group; Devendra Jain, Executive Director & CEO, Dilip Buildcon; Hardik Agarwal, Executive Director, Dineshchandra R Agrawal Infracon; RK Pandey, Member (Projects), National Highways Authority of India (NHAI); Sandeep Garg, Managing Director & CEO, Welspun Enterprises; and Sandeep Upadhyay, Managing Director-Infrastructure Advisory, Centrum Capital.
“2019-20 has not been able to hold up to 2018-19,” observed Padode. Having said that, he went on to add that the Bharatmala Pariyojana is among the most promising infrastructure projects that can help drive India’s GDP growth.” The project area covers 53,000 km with a fund provision of Rs 5.35 trillion for Phase-1. “A total of 255 road projects with an aggregate length of about 10,699 km have been approved till October 2019 under the Bharatmala Pariyojana with a total cost of Rs 2.65 trillion approximately,” he added. The target for completion is 2021-22. “But we are constantly having delays in projects ,” said Padode. Of 1,698 central-sector infrastructure projects worth Rs 1.50 billion and above, with an anticipated completion cost is Rs 24.41 trillion, 578 projects have reported delays, 400 projects reported cost overruns, 202 projects reported both time and cost overruns, as on November 2019. Out of 578 delayed projects, 190 (32.87 per cent) projects have overall delay in the range of 1-12 months, 121 (20.93 per cent) projects have delay in the range of 13-24 months, 146 (25.26 per cent) projects have delay in the range of 25-60 months and 121 (20.93 per cent) projects have delay of 61 months and above. The average time overrun in these 578 delayed projects is 38.84 months. That said, “every year, we are losing at least Rs 1 trillion in projects due to delays,” highlighted Padode.
Transportation is a major factor; and the supply chain now is the biggest problem. For cement, we do not keep an inventory for more than 15 days and for steel of more than 20-25 days. So here, the supply chain remains the main challenge. Another challenge is the manpower and labour. The morale of the labourers is low and they would probably want to go to their villages once transportation picks up. After that we will be the monsoon season. So, we will have to see where the red zones are going to be.”
Adding to this, said Hardik Agrawal, Executive Director, Dineshchandra R Agrawal Infracon, “We want to ensure everyone’s health and safety on site. We want to request the government to ensure transportation of labourers after proper testing by the contractors of their workers. Allowing interstate moving of labourers will be beneficial for the highways sector as well as the market.”
Further adding, said Sandeep Garg, Managing Director & CEO, Welspun Enterprises, “Logistics and supply chain is a big challenge. Also, the labour at site will have a tendency to go back to their homes once transportation begins. Also, it will be difficult for us to get the workforce back because of the fear they would have developed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Then, there will be the monsoon. So, there is going to be a longish U-recovery, or may be an L-recovery.” Sandeep Garg highlighted another point that certain states are making stipulations, where if you have COVID-19 at site, an FIR will be filed against the owner. “There should be mechanism to check the due diligence done on site and action taken accordingly,” he highlighted.
On the awards side, the aim under the Bharatmala Pariyojana is to cover 26,000 km of roads; “and 12,000 km has already been awarded,” tells us Pandey. Further speaking about the issue of land acquisition, he commented, “It is said that 54 per cent of delays in projects is due to land acquisition. So, we have changed in our strategy at NHAI – we are not awarding works till majority of the land is owned by the government. And so, we are targeting at resolving delay issues.”
What’s more, NHAI has DPRs of works worth more than Rs 20,000 crore available for this year. “We have formulated the DPRs, but we have to now see the availability of land,” added Pandey. “This year, we have kept a target of 4,500-8,000 km; while I cannot give an exact figure because of the crisis now, we have reached a stage where I can say that NHAI can comfortably award at least 4,500 km.”
In terms of the Force Majeure (FC) clause, according to Pandey, it is not a big issue when it comes to budgetary-supported projects, but for BOT projects it is an issue. “This aspect is under active consideration under the ministry. The tender terms may be relaxed in case we need to do it to cope with the COVID crisis.” While Padode highlighted that project management is also among the key issues in completing projects on time, Pandey made a point that as far as consultancy is concerned, they are being paid, and there have been no issues with them.
In terms of financing of road projects, Jain believes that bankers are looking good now and are looking positive in this area. While for Agrawal there is definitely some facilitation, “but there is a higher need,” he observed. There needs to be relaxation on HAM and BOT projects. Here, he suggested that the tender documents could be relooked at with regards to the payment and interest rate and MCLR.
FY2019 and also FY2020 predominantly have seen odd investments coming from pension funds. “There is a good amount of traction,” revealed Upadhyay. “The concern is on greenfield projects. That is where I see a lot of hesitation for pension funds to come in.” He added that the multiples at which Toll projects were getting traded would also come down due to COVID. “For HAM projects, I do not see much of an impact. The bigger concern for the industry is on how to get mature capital to invest in greenfield projects.”
With the cost of finance being a fixed cost, “it is a good thing to link it to the MCLR,” suggested Sandeep Garg. He made another point that under HAM, contractors have a requirement to hold the projects for COD for two years. As liquidity is going to be a challenge and risk capital too, he observed that a long term in the maturing bond market would help the bankers and developers as it will ease the challenges.
As far as bank guarantee (BG) is concerned, it may also have to be considered at this time, mentioned Pandey.
Sandeep Garg believes that while technology will come into play, materials and manpower will always be there. Technology will change the way we do project management, the way we access the health of people. “I also believe work from home is going to a reality for some time now.”
Speaking about digitisation in construction equipment, Deepak Garg highlighted that SANY earlier had connectivity like high volume for machinery such as excavators. “We have now worked extensively for providing connectivity, although not in high volume, for smaller equipment as well.”
Commenting on the spike in the prices of cement, said Sandeep Garg, “It is again a matter of the supply chain. There is a demand and supply gap. It is a matter of time. We will have to wait and see regarding the cement prices.”
Padode thanked the esteemed panellists for being part of this extremely successful webinar on the subject, on a closing note: “The roads to recovery seem to be on the way. I think it is only time until post the monsoon.”
Stay tuned for Construction World’s next FREE webinar on How Asian Cities are Coping with COVID-19? on Thursday, April 23. Click here to register!
About this webinar: Cities drive economic growth. But with COVID19 the economic engines are in danger. Whether a government locks down a city or minimises its pace by strict rules, the outcome is 'financial disaster'. Cities need to act fast and use its resources well to stem the pandemic so that they can go back to moving the economic engine. Smart Cities Council India is organising a webinar on 'How Asian Cities are coping with COVID-19' or 'COVID19: Lessons from Asian cities'. The panellists would be city leaders, administrators and experts from cities across India, Singapore and Indonesia.
Presenter: Pratap Padode, Founder and Director, Smart Cities Council India, and Editor-in-Chief, Construction World, and President, FIRST Construction Council
Special Address: Rajendra Bhatt, IAS, District Magistrate, Bhilwara (Rajasthan)
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